The Incas religion was very huge in there society. They had many gods and goddesses of nature. One of there most important gods was, Viracocha, the creator. There were many other Inca gods and goddesses like, Inti, the sun god, Mama Quilla, the moon goddess, and Illapa, the god of thunder and lightning.
They believed in divining, which is studying objects and other things to find signs from the gods. In addition to the gods and godesses, Incas worshiped Huacas. A huaca was a scared place or thing, such as stones, mountians, and other objects.
At the end of 12 months, the Incas held a major festival called Capac Raimi, which means 'the magnificent festival'. It was the most important of all Inca cerimonies because they worshiped the gods and thanked them for all they did. There were lots of other cerimonies too, like, Pauca Huaray, which celebrated the ripening of the earth, Inti Raimi, which was the festival of the sun, and Uma Raimi, which was the festival of water. All of these celebrations involved dancing and singing. Picture got at www.machupicchu-inca.com/
The Inca had about 3 different levels of the social pyramid. At the very top of the pyramid was the Sapa Inca, or, emperor. He ruled all of the four quarters of the Inca civilization and was treated with utmost respect. He had to keep the entire empire in one piece. The next level in the social classes was the governors. They ruled each of the four quarters of the Inca Empire. And at the very bottom of the social pyramid were the ordinary farmers and traders.
The Inca didn’t really develop a system of writing, probably because they just ran information to one and other through the mountains. They did develop a counting system though. It was called a cuipus or a counting knot. The Inca took ropes and tied knots in them to count things like barrels of crops and such things like that.
Have you ever sat down in front of a movie screen snacking on popcorn? If you have you probably don’t think that it came from the Inca. They heated up corn and it popped just like we do now. Another thing the Inca invented was stitches. They took animal teeth and put them into the person. The Inca also invented the gutter. It kept water out of their houses just like today. One of the most important inventions that the Inca created was the road. It was where the information got passed along, but not by car, by runner. That’s how they got information around back then.
Image Source hicovam.comze.com/
One of the most famous of all the Inca arts and crafts was the weaving. Even though they did a lot of this they still developed skills with metalworking. They knew how to make bronze by mixing tin and copper together. They also made lots of silver and gold things but all of the gold went to the ruler or Sapa Inca. Lots of the gold was pounded into sheets to cover the walls of the palaces. They also used silver for decoration. They thought that silver was the metal of the moon.
After the Spanish saw that the Inca’s had life size statues of gold they melted all of it down and sent it to
As for architecture the Incas built their cities with stone bricks and built building in a circular manner. It took many months to build the building but when they got done they were very big and beautiful.
Image Socrce: www.discover-peru.org/
Incas did not develop a currency, so there economic system was based on trading, power and labor. For jobs there were builders of roads, farmers, merchants, or just cooking for your family. The roads helped with trading too. They used the roads to trade with the other corners of the empire. So if you had a family and your dad was a farmer and you guys had crops you would trade that in for tin, copper and gold. That is cool!
The Inca's agriculture was like the things we have today such as food. The Incas grew more crops than any other ancient tribe. Types of foods included potatoes, corn, cashews, peppers, beans and a lot more.
Have you ever called your dad or father papa? Well the Incas most important food was the potato also well known as the papa. The Incas had many varieties color of the papa. Today we know many of the varieties of it. The Incas could plant the potato at great height such as the Andes Mountains. Another important crop was corn. That was known as maize by Indian tribes. The corn was also known as sara. Corn could not be grown in higher areas like the mountains. It could only be grown in the lower regions.
The Incas could plant at great heights such as the Andes Mountains and other mountains. Picture got at http://www.pearsonandassociates.com/chile/Travel%20Journal/Peru/Cusco.htm